Theocratic governments, which recognize God or a deity as ruler, are uncommon. Still, theocratic rule is followed by some societies worldwide. This volume details the ancient roots of theocracy among the Egyptians, Aztecs, Incas, and Maya, along with the contemporary theocratic rule in Islamic countries. It includes coverage of religious groups that practice Christian theocracy, such as the Vatican and America's theocratic beginnings with the Pilgrims and Puritans. Also examined are the dramatic pros and cons of life in a theocratic society. Particularly thought-provoking is a chapter on new forms of theocracy.